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Visual Processing Disorder

A visual processing, or perceptual, disorder refers to a hindered ability to make sense of information taken in through the eyes. This is different from problems involving sight or sharpness of vision. Difficulties with visual processing affect how visual information is interpreted or processed by the brain.

Types of visual processing disorder

  • Visual discrimination issues

    These learners struggle to see the difference between two similar letters, shapes or objects like mixing
    up letters b,d.

  • Visual figure-ground discrimination issues

    These learners struggle to pull out a shape or character from its background.

  • Visual sequencing issues

    These learners struggle to tell the order of symbols, words or images. They also struggle to write answers on a separate sheet or skip lines when reading. Sometimes these learners reverse or misread letters, numbers and words.

  • Visual-motor processing issues

    These learners struggle with the feedback from their eyes to be able to coordinate the movement of other parts of the body. They often have difficulty in writing within lines or margins, they can also bump into things and then have trouble copying from a book.

  • Long- or short term visual memory issues

    These learners struggle to recall long term and/or short term visual memory. This in return may cause these children to struggle with reading and spelling.

  • Visual spatial issues

    These learners often have issues telling where objects are in their space. This also includes how far things are from them or each other. They can also have a tough time reading maps.

  • Visual closure issues

    These learners have issues identifying an object when only certain parts are visible.

  • Letter and symbol reversal issues

    These learners often have issues with switching letters or numbers when they are writing, sometimes even trouble with letter formation which in return can affect their reading, writing and math skills.

Symptoms of Visual Processing Disorder

  1. They don’t pay attention when they do visual tasks.
  2. They are easily distracted by too much visual information.
  3. They are restless or inattentive during video or any visual presentation.
  4. They lack any interest in movies or television.
  5. They have difficulty with tasks that require copying, even taking notes from the board.
  6. They reverse or misread letters, numbers and words.
  7. They bump into things.